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Learn Quran: Suart Al-Fatihah

Asmaa Akl

31 Dec 2019

Surat Al-Fatihah’s name means the opener, for it is the opening chapter of the Quran and it opens the link between the believer and Allah. The word Al-Fatihah الفاتحة came from the root word فتح which means to open.

Al Fatiha is usually the first chapter a child or a convert learns when they start to learn Quran. This is an indication of the importance of this chapter or Surah. It is one of the most important chapters of the Quran. It is the greatest surah in the Quran, for the prophet Muhammad PBUH said:

As narrated by the companion of the prophet (ﷺ), Aby Saeed Rafia Ibn Al Muala, that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to him, "Shall I teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur'an before you leave the mosque?" Then he (ﷺ), took me by the hand, and when we were about to step out, I reminded him of his promise to teach me the greatest Surah in the Qur'an. He (ﷺ) said, "It is 'Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil 'Alamin (i.e., Surat Al-Fatihah) which is As-Sab' Al-Mathani (i.e., the seven oft- repeated Ayat) and the Great Quran which is given to me."

Al Fatihah is an obligatory inclusion in Islamic prayers

Every Muslim must start their prayer with this Surah for each Raka’a, for without it a prayer is incomplete and deficient. It is recited at least 17 times during the five obligatory Islamic prayers.

Verses of Al-Fatihah

Surat Al-Fatihah consists of 7 verses:

Arabic Verse



بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

(Bismillāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm)

In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

(Al ḥamdu lillāhi rabbi l-’ālamīn)

[All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds

الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

(Ar raḥmāni r-raḥīm)

The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful,

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

(Māliki yawmi d-dīn)

Sovereign of the Day of Recompense

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

(Iyyāka na’budu wa iyyāka nasta’īn)

It is You we worship and from You we seek help.

اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

(Ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm)

Guide us to the straight path -

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ

(Ṣirāṭ al lazi na an’amta ‘alayhim, ġayril maġḍūbi ‘alayhim walāḍ ḍāllīn)

The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.


We at Nour Academy seek to teach Muslims around the world the Quran. It is very important to have proper guidance while you learn Quran, if you’re seeking help and wish to learn Quran proficiently make sure to take a look at our ‘Quran Memorization’ classes and start to read Al Fatihah correctly now. You can also check our article "The virtues of Surat Al-Fatihah"

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